2021-w2317 - 18 November 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) With reference to the collaboration between the Government and the Mozambican government that remains an essential aspect of the war on poaching in the Kruger National Park (KNP), what are the full details and minutes of all (a) meetings and (b) initiatives in the past three years between SANParks and/or KNP and the Mozambican authorities in this regard; (2) whether there has been any collaboration between her department and the Ministry of Police to work together to address the criminal networks that are allegedly operating via Mozambique; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 18 Nov 2021

(1) (a) Minutes of joint safety and security meetings are confidential and cannot be shared, as these documents contain sensitive security-related content, including details about anti-poaching campaigns.

(b) The South African National Parks (SANParks) engages with the Republic of Mozambique through a number of forums established in accordance with the International Treaty signed in 2002 between South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. This includes the ...

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2021-w2319 - 18 November 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) Following the recent United Nations report on climate change which clearly sets out the projected impact of climate change on the environment going forward, including the rise in sea level, what steps are being taken to (a) evaluate the impact of the rise in sea levels on the Republic’s coastal communities and (b) develop contingency plans with the relevant local communities and authorities; (2) (a) which areas of the coastline of the Republic has she found are deemed to be most at risk from the rise in the level of the sea over the coming 50 to 100 years and (b) what are the details of the envisaged impact; (3) whether changes in the temperature of the ocean and the consequent impact on the coastal fishing industry is being evaluated; if not, why not; if so, (4) whether these findings will be made available to Mr D W Bryant; if not, why not; if so, on what date?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 18 Nov 2021

 

  1. (a) The Depa#ment developed a National Coastal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment in 2019, a decision support tool to assist coastal planning and response to physical hazards attributable to climate change, such as sea level rise, flooding, erosion, or storm events. The National Coastal Climate Change Assessment Report and the Geo-Spatial Index for coastal climate change vulnerability of South Africa's coastline and estuaries are ...
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2021-w2318 - 18 November 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

Whether, with reference to the report of the High-Level Panel of Experts for The Review of Policies, Legislation and Practices on Matters of Elephant, Lion, Leopard and Rhinoceros Management, Breeding, Hunting, Trade and Handling, which mentions that the ongoing hunting of leopard will be looked into going forward, and in view of the fact that leopards are notoriously difficult to count while it is important to know what the current numbers are so that any hunting of leopard can be properly legislated, she will advise what (a) the current estimated numbers of leopard are in the (i) Republic in general and in (ii) Kruger National Park in particular and (b) steps are being taken to promote the use of artificial leopard skin replacements for traditional ceremonies and activities; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 18 Nov 2021

 

  1. (i) Leopards are generally considered uncommon in South Africa, however, estimates of the size of the national population vary widely from 2 185 to 23 400 leopards (Friedmann & Traylor-Holzer, 2005; Martin & De Meulenaer, 1988; Swanepoel et al., 2014b). None of these estimates are based on rigorous population counts at regional scales and their confidence intervals are so wide,

indicating the need ...

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2021-w2221 - 27 September 2021

Cheryl Phillips to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) (a) What benefit does SANParks and/or the Kruger National Park (KNP) derive from hunting permitted in the Association of Private Nature Reserves (APNR); (2) by what date will the hunting and the relevant agreements that were advised by a certain person (name and details furnished) to ensure a more equitable sharing of benefits be reviewed; (3) what are the reasons that KNP does not take responsibility for oversight and formal approval of hunting in the APNR, but instead makes use of vague terms such as recommends and/or supports with regard to hunting off-takes; (4) whether she will furnish Mrs C Phillips with a detailed breakdown of the scientific evidence on which SANParks and/or the KNP support the annual hunting off-takes; if not, why not, if so, on what date?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 27 Sep 2021

 

  1. (a) SANParks and/or Kruger National Park (KNP) receives no benefit (financial or otherwise) from the hunting at the Association of Private Nature Reserves (APNR). The APNR are responsible for costs pertaining to the safety and security functions, fence infrastructure maintenance costs, conservation management and their own socio-economic development programmes which they implement on the western boundary of the KNP.
  1. The Great Limpopo Transfrontier ...
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2021-w2230 - 27 September 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) What are the details of the progress of the negotiations between the Kruger National Park and employee representatives and other parties to institute a system of polygraph testing of employees; (2) what number of senior management members (a) have undergone polygraph testing to date and (b) is due to undergo such testing going forward; (3) what are the (a) implications of the human resources (HR) capacity constraints and cuts referred to during the presentation on 24 August 2021 and (b) details of the current HR system that is in place; (4) whether she has found that all employees are suitably qualified; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 27 Sep 2021

 

  1. The South African National Parks (SANParks) Integrity Testing Policy was first approved in January 2017. Organised labour did not support the introduction of compulsory polygraph testing. The Integrity Testing Policy was subsequently revised by SANParks management for consultation with organised labour in September 2021.

It is recognised that were this policy to be implemented it would require a change to employees' conditions of ...

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2021-w2229 - 27 September 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) How (a) was the target for poached rhinos derived (details furnished) and (b) is the target considered acceptable; (2) whether it is ethical to set acceptable targets for criminal activity; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details; (3) whether the target will be reconsidered taking into consideration the impact on the rhino population; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 27 Sep 2021

1)

    1. SANParks does not set rhino poaching targets. SANParks sets annual targets to systematically reduce poaching at Kruger National Park (KNP). The setting of the target to reduce poaching takes into account current poaching trends, the poaching compound effect, birth disruptions, diseases and droughts. Ultimately, we aim to eliminate rhino poaching in KNP and other national parks.

Yes, the target to reduce poaching is ...

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2021-w2231 - 27 September 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) Whether any study on plastic pollution along the coastline of the Republic has been undertaken; if not, why not; if so, what steps are being taken to reduce the impact of plastic waste and discarded nets on the Cape fur seals along the coast of the Republic; (2) what is the population of the Cape fur seals along the coastline of the Republic; (3) whether there has been any fluctuation in the population of the seals over the past 10 years; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 27 Sep 2021

 

    1. In 2019, the Department of Science and Innovation (DSI), through the Waste Research Development and Innovation Roadmap, undertook a project aimed at reviewing the state of South Africa’s current knowledge base on marine litter. The objective of the study was to consolidate the existing scientific evidence and to assess the current gaps in knowledge. The study led to five papers published in the ...
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2021-w2222 - 27 September 2021

Cheryl Phillips to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) Whether she will furnish Mrs C Phillips with the details of (a) all culling, (b) other lethal management operations and (c) the use of landscapes of fear undertaken by the Kruger National Park for the past three years; if not, why not; if so, on what date; (2) whether she will furnish Mrs C Phillips with the details of (a) the scientific evidence supporting the culling and/or management operations and (b) all animals processed through the Skukuza abattoir, including species and numbers, in the past three years; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details; (3) whether the resultant animal products were donated; if not, what (a) is the position in this regard and (b) was done with the specified resultant animal products; if so, (i) what are the names of people and/or communities who benefited and (ii) how were they selected?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 27 Sep 2021

1)

    1. The Kruger National Park (KNP) no longer conducts culling operations to control animal population numbers to a predetermined stable state, as was done historically with many species including elephants, hippo and buffalo.
    2. The following table provides a list of animals that were lethally managed in the KNP in the past three years. It must be noted that the table below excludes offtake numbers ...
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2021-w1977 - 10 September 2021

David William Bryant to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

1. Whether her department is opposed to the global treaty on multilateral environmental agreement dealing with non-plastic pollution (details furnished); if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details; 2. whether her department is considering to import more plastic waste; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details; 3. whether she has found that the current systems and processes of the Republic are effective in significantly reducing the amount of plastic waste, in particular the amount of waste going into the ocean; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 10 Sep 2021

 

  1. South Africa is aware of the global discussions around a potential new international treaty on marine litter and plastic pollution and has been participating actively in the United Nations Environment Assembly’s Ad Hoc Open-Ended Expert Group on Marine Litter and Microplastics, where the matter has been considered. South Africa has not finalised the due process to inform any pronouncement on a position concerning ...
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2021-w1964 - 10 September 2021

Ignatius Michael Groenewald to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

1. What total number of municipalities in each province have applied for and received waste licences for hazardous waste activities in terms of section 45 of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, Act59 of 2008, from her department; 2. whether she will make a statement on the matter?

Reply from the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment on 10 Sep 2021

1. There are only two municipalities in South Africa that applied in terms of section 45 of the National Environment Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act No. 59 of 2008), namely:

- Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality applied for and received a Waste Management Licence for the disposal of both General and Hazardous Waste.

- Eden District Municipality applied for and received a waste management licence ...

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