The Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC) receives and analyses regulatory reports, which the Financial Intelligence Centre Act, 2001 (Act 38 of 2001) (FIC Act) requires certain institutions to submit to it. These regulatory reports include those that relate to suspicious and unusual activities and/or transactions (as per section 29 of the FIC Act).
Provisions in the FIC Act preclude the FIC from divulging information about the receipt of regulatory reports, their content, the subject(s) of reports and the identities of reporters. These provisions protect reporters and subjects of reports, and safeguard sensitive information concerning the FIC’s analysis of reported information.
The confidentiality requirements in the FIC Act also serve to avoid disruption of investigative processes that the competent authorities may undertake, based on the financial intelligence reports they receive from the FIC.